What is Intellectual Property?

Intellectual property is an umbrella term used to cover specific laws that are loosely united in their efforts to manage the relationships between an idea and the tangible expression of that idea (a book, a photograph, an artwork, a sound-recording, a design on fabric, an invention). There is no specific intellectual property law named as such. Rather, the independent legislation for copyright, patents, designs, trademarks, trade-secrets, and confidential information together constitute the ‘laws of intellectual property’. They are grouped under this term ‘intellectual property’ because they are seen to share some dimension of the problematic of determining legally recognized and justifiable rights in the expression of ideas and treating this expression as some kind of ‘property’.

Copyright, patents, and designs are specific laws that evolved slowly and haphazardly from the late seventeenth century. This slow evolution was in response to cultural, political, social, technological and economic shifts that occurred throughout this period. There are early references to the phrase ‘intellectual property’ in French courts in the 1820s and in a specific case in the US in the 1840s but ‘intellectual property’ was certainly not a widely cited or utilized description. It is really only in the 1970s that the phrase begins its movement into popular usage. This was initiated, in part, through the terms’ further institutionalization as the international agency The World Intellectual Property Organization in 1970. Prior to this, copyright or patents or designs were the terms used in popular discourse and were not necessarily understood as connected because they functioned differently and had different foci. While they evolved separately they do share important historical moments that helped constitute their development in legislation. These were in response to specific problems about what exactly the property was, how it could be identified, how it could be measured, how loss could be recognized and compensated, what labor the individual exerted to ‘make’ a work and generally how a right to something that was intangible could be justified.

How will TK tools benefit our community?

How will TK tools benefit our community?

How long does it take to develop TK Labels?

How long does it take to develop TK Labels?

Do I need permission to use the TK Licenses?

Do I need permission to use the TK Licenses?

Intellectual Property Consult Agreement

Mozilla TK Label Interview

Mozilla TK Label Interview

How do we implement TK Labels in our collection?

How do we implement TK Labels in our collection?

Our community wants to develop TK Labels. What’s next?

Our community wants to develop TK Labels. What’s next?

NAGPRA Use Guidelines

NAGPRA Use Guidelines

What is Mukurtu and how can I use it for my collection?

What is Mukurtu and how can I use it for my collection?

What is an ethical guideline?

What is an ethical guideline?

What if my community’s collections are in multiple institutions?

What if my community’s collections are in multiple institutions?

How do you initiate collaboration?

How do you initiate collaboration?

What are the advantages of collaboration?

What are the advantages of collaboration?

Is collaboration necessary for labeling?

Is collaboration necessary for labeling?

How does the TK Label Adapter work?

How does the TK Label Adapter work?

Does our community need to know where our collections are before labeling?

Does our community need to know where our collections are before labeling?

What does this cost?

What does this cost?

Do I need special software?

Do I need special software?

Does it work with Mukurtu CMS?

Does it work with Mukurtu CMS?

How does this work in our CMS?

How does this work in our CMS?

What is a protocol?

What is a protocol?

Who is a TK Holder?

Who is a TK Holder?

What is a TK Label?

What is a TK Label?

Who are the TK Labels for?

Who are the TK Labels for?

Does labeling change anything legally?

Does labeling change anything legally?

Are TK Labels legally binding?

Are TK Labels legally binding?

What does labeling do?

What does labeling do?

Do we need to own material that we want to label?

Do we need to own material that we want to label?

Can we customize the TK Labels according to our community needs?

Can we customize the TK Labels according to our community needs?

Can we customize the TK Labels according to our institution needs?

Can we customize the TK Labels according to our institution needs?

What is Intellectual Property?

What is Intellectual Property?

What is copyright?

What is copyright?

What is a copyright holder?

What is a copyright holder?

How long does copyright last?

How long does copyright last?

What if a work was made in the US but is held in an overseas institution?

What if a work was made in the US but is held in an overseas institution?

What is public domain?

What is public domain?

What is ‘in perpetuity’?

What is ‘in perpetuity’?

What is Traditional Knowledge (TK)?

What is Traditional Knowledge (TK)?

What is the TK Label Adapter?

What is the TK Label Adapter?

What is a Memorandum of Understanding or Memorandum of Agreement?

What is a Memorandum of Understanding or Memorandum of Agreement?

Who is a TK User?

Who is a TK User?

TK Attribution (TK A)

TK Attribution (TK A)