What is Traditional Knowledge (TK)?

Traditional knowledge (TK) refers to knowledge, know-how, innovations, skills and practices of Native, First Nations, Aboriginal or Indigenous communities. TK is developed, sustained and passed on orally from generation to generation within the members of the community of origin, forming an integral part of its cultural, spiritual, and social identity. It tends to be collectively owned and takes the form of the content of knowledge itself – in particular the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in traditional contexts – as well as traditional cultural expressions like stories, songs, signs and symbols, local language, cultural values, beliefs, rituals, community laws, performances, art, designs, architectural forms, handicrafts, and agricultural practices.